Saxe Regular Infantry

Home About Membership Contact Despatches Supplies Forum Gallery News

Saxe Regular Infantry

 A Painting Guide

by Ludovic Dias


Here is some information for figure painters and Napoleonic gamers alike.  If you consider this information useful, the complete army or, for that matter, other countries can be analysed as well. 


This is the result of comparisons between the “Uniforms and Weapons of the First Empire Soldiers” by William and Fred Funcken and the Napoleonic museum here in Fontainebleau (the museum of uniforms being fairly convenient for me to use).


The Saxe duchy became a kingdom on the 11th of December of 1806 under the rule of Frederic-August the First who remained Napoleon's ally until the very middle of Leipzig battle (the Battle of Nations, October 1813).


The Army was reorganized the first time in 1810, when it became French-inspired or Rhine-Confederacy-styled and then of course after 1813 to break away from the “Grande Armée” tradition.


Regular Line Infantry


Before 1810


12 regiments of line infantry by pair.


White uniforms (with white turned-back facings) with the following distinctive colours for the V-shaped collar, revers and round facings.


Regiment   Colour      Buttons  
Kurfürst      scarlet  yellow  
Von Sänger  scarlet    white  
Prinz Clement    dark blue  yellow  
Prinz Anton  dark blue   white  
Von Rechten  purple yellow  
Von Niesemeuschel    purple   white  
Prinz Xavier  light blue yellow  
Von Ryssel   light blue white  
Prinz Friedriech-August field green   yellow  
Von Low   field green   white  
Prinz Max  yellow yellow  
Von Thümmel  yellow white  


These regiments were turned into eight (8) after 1810 and amounted to the same number after 1813, still grouped by pairs.  They started wearing the white jacket uniform, standard for most of the German allied armies that included straight and square revers, fastened collar and peak-shaped facings.  They wore the Shako.


This uniform was probably practical, since it is mostly the defining colours that were modified after 1813.  It is interesting to note the change of orders for the various regiments, either for political (favour) or military (success) reasons.




Regiment   Colour      Buttons  
König        scarlet   yellow  
Von Niesemeuschel scarlet  white
Von Low     blue yellow  
Prinz Anton   blue white  
Prinz Friedrich-August   green yellow  
Prinz Clement  green white
Prinz Max   yellow   yellow  
Von Rechten yellow white  




Regiment   Colour      Buttons  
König red yellow  
Von Niesemeuschel red white  
Prinz Anton blue white
Von Low blue yellow
Prinz Maximilien   yellow  yellow
Von Rechten   yellow  white
Prinz Friedrich-August    green   yellow  
Steindel   green white  


Light Troops


A light brigade composed of light infantry and foot chasseurs.


Light infantry

Two battalions that became the light infantry regiments number 1 and 2 in 1810.


Dark green vest with yellow buttons, black collar and peak-shaped facings with red border.

Grey trousers with red lining and spear shapes on the front.


Foot chasseurs (a troop)

Created in 1809, they wore nearly the same uniform as the light infantry with light grey trousers without shapes, lighter green for turned-back facings and V-shaped collar. The shako carried a yellow horn.

back to napoleonic wars